How to Write a Literature Review for Dissertation


What is a Literature Review?

The aim of writing a literature review within a dissertation is to traverse and look at important published materials relating to the research questions and to the topic of the dissertation. This is to prove the awareness and comprehension on how the research of dissertation would fit into the general arena of study and how it would expand on the research prevailing. One could likewise refer back to the review of literature while clarifying the research findings in the dissertation’s discussion section. One has to talk about the topic of the dissertation with the instructor and be in agreement on the path the review of the literature would take. When one is sure about what particular issues or areas the review of the literature would include, one needs to begin by making a search for pertinent reading material.

Reasons for Writing a Review of Literature

Doing a review of literature is a way of showing the knowledge of the author with regard to a specific area of study, inclusive of the important phenomenon, variables, theories and vocabulary, and its history and methods. Doing a literature review additionally advises the research student on the research groups and researchers who are influential in the area. At last, with certain changes, the review of literature is a “publishable and legitimate document of scholarly interest”.

Aside from the above explanations behind writing a review of the literature (i.e., identifying a research family, a document which is publishable, a proof of knowledge), the scientific purposes behind carrying out a literature review are many. The review of the literature assumes a part in: delimiting the issue of research, looking for new inquiry lines, maintaining a strategic distance from approaches which are not beneficial, attaining methodological bits of knowledge, recognizing suggestions for more research in future, and looking for support on grounded theory. There are extra explanations for literature review such as: recognizing what has been carried out from what should be done, finding essential variables important to the theme, synthesizing and attaining another new point of view, finding connections between practices and ideas, setting up the context of the issue or theme, rationalizing the importance of the issue, improving and attaining the subject vocabulary, having an understanding of the subject’s structure, linking theory and ideas to applications, making an identification of the important methodologies and techniques of research which have been used, and putting research in an authentic setting to show ease with the best advancements. Another reason for drafting a literature review not specified above is that in the discussion part of the dissertation, it gives a structure to relate new findings to past findings. Without setting up the condition of the past research, it is difficult to state about how the new research progresses over the past research.

Structure of the Literature Review in Dissertation

Instead of working as an independent chapter, the chapter on the review of literature ought to be connected to the other sections in the dissertation – specifically, in the dissertation there ought to be a clear reference to the review of literature in the discussion chapter. While stating the research findings, one has to link what has been identified back to the literature stated in the chapter on the literature review to state their importance. Therefore, one might need going back and stating the changes or making additions to the review of literature section while writing the dissertation’s discussion chapter. For instance, one could have the understanding that some studies are not any more pertinent or that more proof is required to clarify some of the findings.

The important aspect of the review of the literature would be the analysis and discussion of the literature. One ought to likewise incorporate an introduction to the main part of the discussion and a conclusion which does a summary of the important discussion points. This is an outline of how one might structure the review of the literature. This is an overview in general and you always ought to follow the particular guidance provided in the handbook of the dissertation.

Present the review of literature by: Making an outline of the broader setting of the literature review –how or where does the topic of dissertation fit in to the broader area of the subject; Making an outline of the literature review’s scope – arenas discussed, sources; Making an outline on why and how one has chosen the materials to be reviewed; Offering a method of reasoning – i.e. objectives and reasons – for making a review of the literature related to the particular topic.

literature review for dissertationCreate the principle discussion of the review of literature by: Assessing and analysing the topics, issues, recommendations (conclusions, authors opinions and suggestions) witnessed in the literature; Synthesising (joining or drawing together) basic common propositions, issues, topics, to allow you to make contemplated inferences; Contrasting and comparing outcomes of the research, propositions, issues and themes.

Make a conclusion of the review of literature chapter by: Concluding how the review of literature has met the goals stated in the introduction; Synthesizing and summarizing the fundamental themes or issues identified with the research questions and area of the topic as stated in the literature; Recommending further areas of study; Outlining the importance and effects of the recognized issues or themes for the topic of dissertation and study arena; Identifying how and why your own particular research would handle the gaps recognized – giving a rationale for the topic of dissertation chosen.

In the dissertation, to let cross-referencing of information or the chapters, it is essential to structure the sections or chapters of the dissertation by making use of the numbered sub-headings and headings. This would be significant while making a reference back towards the studies in particular sections of the review of literature while stating the findings.

What is to be Avoided While Writing a Review of Literature

Listing of literature or individual research without assessing, evaluating and discussing each bit of the literature; Discussing every individual bit of literature or research independently instead of being in the setting – one need to draw literature and research together by common issues or themes and on the basis of the study type; Stating what is being stated in the literature as opposed to assessing and analysing – one ought to show and apply important assessment and analysis all through the review of literature; Not connecting the literature to the research questions and to the topic of dissertation – the selected literature need to be suitable for the topic of dissertation and be assessed and analysed within the context of the particular area of research; Not connecting the review of literature to the research findings stated in the chapter on discussion. 

Seeking Professional Assistance if Unsure as To How To Write a Literature Review

Literature review is a crucial part of your dissertation or thesis and if you are unsure as to how to write a good literature review you may seek  literature review service from our team of experts at Quality Dissertation who are highly skilled and experienced when it comes to writing a literature review for dissertation or thesis. You can simply contact us and we will be able to assist.